Korinthos or Corinth.

Ancient Korinth is strategically located on the Isthmus of Korinth, linking the Peloponessos to the rest of mainland Greece. It is believed to have been first settled in the Early Neolithic Age by Dorian Greeks, the so-called Heraclidei (the sons of Hercules). By the 7th Century B.C. Korinth had become a leading trading and colonizing power. Korinthian pottery and bronze were traded as far away as Spain, Egypt and the Black Sea. Korinthian power declined in the 5th century, however, due to the Persian Wars and the dominance of Athens. In the Classical period Korinth aligned herself with Sparta against Athens. In the Hellenistic period she was a prominent member of the Hellenic league under Macedonian dominance, but later rebelled to join the Achaean League. In 146 B.C., when Rome defeated the League, the Roman general Mummius razed Korinth to the ground. It was abandoned until Julius Caesar established a colony of veterans there in 44 B.C. Korinth soon became the capital of Roman Achaia, and remained so until the barbarian invasions of the 3rd and 4th centuries.
Korinth’s main historical attraction is the Doric temple of Apollo, the remains of which date from the Roman rebuilding and refurbishment in the 2nd century AD.